Big Five Personality Traits (OCEAN)

The five broad personality traits described by the theory are

  1. Openness
  2. Conscientiousness
  3. Extroversion
  4. Agreeableness
  5. Neuroticism

Take the test:

There are three criteria that are characterize personality traits: (1) consistency, (2) stability, and (3) individual differences.

Scores on the Big Five traits are mostly independent. That means that a person’s standing on one trait tells very little about their standing on the other traits of the Big Five. For example, a person can be extremely high in Extraversion and be either high or low on Neuroticism. Similarly, a person can be low in Agreeableness and be either high or low in Conscientiousness. Thus, in the Five-Factor Model, you need five scores to describe most of an individual’s personality.

Facets of Traits

The more specific, lower-level units of personality are often called facets.