PCI Express (PCIe)
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe or PCI-E) is a serial expansion bus standard for connecting a computer to one or more peripheral devices.
You plug many things into PCIe:
So how fast is PCIe?
- This is with 16 lanes, bidirectional bandwith
What is a PCIe lane?
PCIe lanes are the physical link between the PCIe-supported device and the processor/chipset.
PCIe lanes consist of two pairs of copper wires, typically known as traces, that run though the motherboard, connecting the PCIe-enabled device to either the processor or motherboard chipset.
Think of a PCIe lane as a highway where data travels in both directions at the same time.
Up to 32 of these bidirectional PCIe lanes can be allotted to a single device, enabling it to achieve a high-bandwidth, low-latency transfer of data.