Source: 5G NR Numerology


Numerology () is a 5G parameter which changes 5G parameter which changes Subcarrier Spacing (SCS) and other system parameters. It ranges from 0 to 5.

  • num0 = low band
  • num1 = mid band

For the numerology, we have several terms that we have to be familiar with:

  • A radio frame in 5G consists of 10ms duration
  • Each frame consists of 10 subframes, making each subframe 1ms duration
  • Each subframe consists of slots
title: Frame, Subframe, Slots
- NumX = $2^X$ subframes per slot. 
Ex: Num0 = $2^0$ = 1 subframe per slot
![[Pasted image 20220628171319.png]]

Since I am working on the low band, I only worry about Num0 and Num1, so lower frequencies, i.e. SCS.


  • Each slot can have either 14 (normal Control Plane (CP)) or 12 (extended CP) OFDM symbols.
  • All the subcarrier spacing options have 14 OFDM symbols
    • This enables slot based scheduling. One slot is the possible scheduling unit and slot aggregation is also allowed.
    • Logically, Slot length = ms.
    • Higher num () = higher frequency = lower period
title: What about [[CORESET|Resource Element]], [[CORESET|Resource Block]], [[CORESET|Resource Grid]]?
This is a major AHA moment. So 
After you zoom into a subframe, you now have the division with [[CORESET|Resource Element]], [[CORESET|Resource Grid]], etc. See the [[CORESET]] page for the details.
![Resource Element and Block](

Mini-slot ? Mini-slot occupies 2, 4 or 7 OFDM symbols. It enables non-slot based scheduling. It is minimum scheduling unit used in 5G. As mentioned mini-slots can occupy as little as 2 OFDM symbols and are variable in length. They can be positioned asynchronously with respect to the beginning of a standard slot.

Frequency Range • There are two frequency ranges supported in 5G NR viz. FR1 and FR2.
• FR1 supports frequencies below 6 GHz where as FR2 supports frequencies above 6 GHz (i.e. mmwave range).
• FR1: Frequency range is from 450 to 6000 MHz
• FR2: Frequency range is from 24250 to 52600 MHz
Refer complete 5G NR Frequency Bands >>.