Brushless (BLDC) Motor
I used this for drones.
- How Brushless Motor and ESC Work and How To Control them using Arduino - YouTube by How To Mechatronics
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6TW1WZn9CA&ab_channel=RCexplained Inrunner vs outrunner motor
- Inrunner has higher kv, but lower torque
- Outrunner has lower kv, but higher torque due to the distance being greater
Brushed motors are generally cheaper. Brushless motors tend to last longer because there is no direct contact because of the brush found in Brushed Motors.
For the F1TENTH
The BLDC motor used is the Velineon 3500 kV
You need to remember how a BLDC motor works. It’s essentially just alternating between different poles, so 2 things
- Current -> controls how much torque, intensity of the field
- Frequency (through pwm signal) -> controls how fast you are alternating between the poles
This guy argues to calculate the voltage requirements first, and then torque. Be really careful with the torque because that is essentially the load requirement on the vehicle. If the load is too much, then the motors are going to overhead and potentially blow up, because it is trying to draw too much current.