A cognitive bias refers to how our internal thinking patterns affect how we understand and process information.
A list of cognitive biases. See The Signal and the Noise, or economics books?
Question Logical Fallacy vs. Cognitive Bias?
Cognitive biases are systematic errors in a person’s subjective way of thinking, while logical fallacies are about the errors in a logical argument.
Shall we seek to eliminate our biases? If you look at issues like sexism, ageism, lookism, I mean these come from biases. There are laws in place to prevent these things.
We eliminate biases to create a Fairer world? But where is too far? Conservatives operate more on the basis that the world is intrinsically unfair.
Is having an opinion the same as being biased?
If yes, striving towards an unbiased (and therefore fairer) world is the same as striving towards one where nobody has any opinions. Everyone is just a robot.
Can you have an opinion without being biased? No. Wait, what is a bias? Isn’t believing that all humans should be equal also a bias???
list from #cognitivebias sort title
- Curse of Knowledge
- Escalation of Commitment
- Anchoring Bias
- Availability heuristic
- Cognitive Dissonance
- Confirmation Bias
- Egocentric Bias
- Extension Neglect
- False Priors
- Prospect Theory
How to Reduce Cognitive Bias
“How do you know you’re wrong”? Also see Destiny.
1. Be aware. The best way to prevent cognitive bias from influencing the way you think or make decisions is by being aware that they exist in the first place. Critical thinking is the enemy of bias. By knowing there are factors that can alter the way we see, experience, or recall things, we know that there are additional steps we must take when forming a judgment or opinion about something. 2. Challenge your own beliefs. Once you’re aware that your own thinking is heavily biased, continuously challenge the things you believe is a good way to begin the debiasing process—especially when receiving new information. This can help you expand your pool of knowledge, giving you a greater understanding of the subject matter. 3. Try a blind approach. Especially in the case of observer bias, researchers conduct blind studies to reduce the amount of bias in scientific studies or focus groups. By limiting the amount of influential information a person or group of people receive, they can make less affected decisions.